PMFT helps to optimise the body’s own process of healing by using dynamic magnets with a pulsed current to act on the body’s tissues at a cellular level. By using different frequencies, it has different effects such as aiding in fracture repair, accelerating wound healing, providing pain relief for both acute and chronic pain, reducing inflammation and muscle spasm, effecting vasodilation or vasoconstriction depending on the setting, and has also been found to be effective in treating some cases of neural damage.
Phototherapy (Cold/Low-Level Laser)
Phototherapy is an effective, non-invasive and non-toxic treatment for wounds. Blue light is used for treating infected or dirty wounds, gingivitis in cats, and for mud fever and rain scald in horses. Red light has been shown to stimulate epithelial growth with a penetration depth of up to 2cm, thus improving wound healing and reducing the formation of scar tissue. It can be particularly useful for horses as they are prone to an overgrowth of granulation tissue. Infra-red can be useful for deeper wounds such as punctures.
Red light is also useful for other soft tissue treatment by increasing circulation, stimulating the immune system and reducing muscle spasm.
Therapeutic Ultrasound (Long-wave)
Longwave Ultrasound affects tissue at a cellular level by transferring low energy from the applicator head to the tissue as a series of mechanical vibrations. It increases the tissue temperature and results in hyperaemia which can be quite therapeutic. Early treatment of soft tissue injuries such as muscle tears, tendon and ligament injuries is thought to encourage improved orientation of newly forming collagen fibres, thus reducing the formation of scar tissue. It has also been shown to be effective in treating bursitis and hoof wall abscesses.
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
NMES can be used in short duration treatments to help rebuild or maintain muscle mass by providing a small electrical current to muscles to stimulate contraction. It can be of some use in treating dogs that may be paralysed or recumbent, and also those that may develop muscle atrophy after surgery.